Mixed NAPL Source Area Investigation and Alternative Groundwater Remedy at the Cortese Landfill NPL Site
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Project Objective

The Cortese Landfill NPL Site is an unlined landfill that received municipal and industrial wastes. Previous consultants completed the RI/FS, as well as design and construction of drum removal actions and landfill closure systems called for in a 1994 Record of Decision (ROD). Groundwater contaminants did not improve in response to these source control measures. Shallow groundwater containing a complex mixture of volatile and semivolatile organic compounds, as well as arsenic, manganese, and iron, continued to migrate toward the adjacent Federally-designated Wild and Scenic reach of the Delaware River. The ROD also called for a complex groundwater pump and treat system with an estimated operational time of 15 years. However, additional mixed NAPL source material was discovered in 2004, prior to the system’s construction. The PRP Group commissioned Geosyntec to assist with investigations into subsurface conditions beneath the landfill to better evaluate the additional source areas and to develop a more logical, effective, and less costly approach to the groundwater pump and treat system.

Geosyntec’s Scope of Services

Geosyntec assisted with investigation of subsurface conditions beneath the former drum disposal area us

ing the U.S. EPA Triad principles with an on-site laboratory for real-time decision making. A relatively large, mixed NAPL residual source area was delineated, the total source mass was estimated, and bench-scale treatability testing was completed.

Geosyntec also developed financial models for the ROD pump and treat remedy and the alternative groundwater remedy to assist the PRP Group in evaluating the merits of the proposed approach. Geosyntec then completed a new focused feasibility study and negotiated a ROD Amendment.

Geosyntec subsequently completed a successful field pilot test, prepared the Remedial Design, provided bidding support services for system construction, construction quality control monitoring and treatment system operation management/monitoring. The first phase included an air sparging/soil vapor extraction campaign to promote removal of gasoline-range petroleum hydrocarbons, as well as chlorinated volatile organic compounds. The air sparging campaign may have also promoted aerobic biodegradation of diesel-range petroleum hydrocarbons, ketones, low molecular weight polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and phenolic compounds. The first phase operated for several years and transitioned into the next phase (monitored natural attenuation) that is a bridge from the more aggressive phases to site closure. The transition to MNA was triggered by one of the first CERCLA mass flux-based performance milestone. EPA has certified that active treatment is complete.

Notable Accomplishments

U.S. EPA’s technology innovation office became involved and considers the site to be of national significance. Geosyntec’s alternative remedy addressed a complex mixed NAPL source area as well as indirect mobilization, natural attenuation, and fate of inorganic constituents in groundwater. Our alternative remedy is expected to result in remediation of the site groundwater in approximately 15 years in a logical, phased manner, as compared to an indefinite operational timeframe of over 100 years for the previous pump and treat approach. With a lower annual operating cost, shorter lifecycle, and mass-flux performance standard, Geosyntec’s alternative remedy should have a life cycle cost less than one-third of the previous pump and treat remedy.

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Project Summary

  • Location: Village of Narrowsburg, New York
  • Client: Cortese Landfill PRP Group
  • Project Practice Areas: Contaminated Sites
  • Type of Facility: Landfill
  • Services Provided: Strategic Consulting and Negotiation Services For Alternative In Situ Groundwater Remedy; Mixed NAPL Source Area Investigation and Treatability Studies; Development of Updated Economic Models For Existing ROD and Alternative Remedies; Focused Feasibility Study and ROD Amendment; Pilot Testing, Remedial Design, Construction Monitoring, Operation, Successful Completion
  • Type of Work: Investigation, Modeling and Remediation
  • Governing Regulation: Federal, State and Local