August 21, 2017

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Clinton Carlson Article Published in Earthquake Spectra

Clinton Carlson (Georgia) co-authored an article entitled "A Metric to Screen Acceptable Velocity and Displacement Time Histories of Modified Ground Motions," published in Earthquake Spectra, The Professional Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute.

Clinton's co-author was Dimitrios Zekkos.

Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) established Earthquake Spectra with the purpose of improving the practice of earthquake hazards mitigation, preparedness, and recovery. It is intended to serve the informational needs of professionals engaged in earthquake loss reduction: civil, geotechnical, mechanical, and structural engineers; geologists, seismologists, and other earth scientists; architects and city planners; public officials; social scientists; and researchers in all these disciplines. Spectra serves as the publication of record for the development of earthquake engineering practice, earthquake codes and regulations, earthquake public policy, and earthquake investigation reports. Manuscripts published in Earthquake Spectra are peer reviewed.


Ground motion modification is extensively used in practice to modify a seed acceleration time history in intensity and frequency content until its acceleration response spectrum matches a target spectrum. However, the decision to accept or reject a modified motion commonly relies on a subjective process where the time histories of the modified motion are visually compared to those of the seed motion. Various metrics were used to quantify the similarity between the modified time histories and their scaled counterparts for hundreds of modified ground motions from three different earthquake scenarios. Of the metrics considered, the inverse modified RMSE metric for time histories (imRMSEt) was found most appropriate as it resulted in the least amount of dispersion in the goodness-of-fit values with respect to spectral mismatch. The imRMSEt was then found to be correlated to qualitative rankings assigned to the modified time histories through a visual assessment. The correlation between the quantitative imRMSEt values and qualitative rankings is used to establish threshold values to screen modified velocity and displacement time histories that are likely acceptable or likely unacceptable.

More Information

For more information, visit: Earthquake Spectra
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