The Oldest Zoophycos and Implications for Early Cambrian Deposit Feeding
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Zoophycos-group burrows are prevalent elements of the post-Cambrian trace fossil record. Here we report the oldest specimens of Zoophycos from Lower Cambrian strata of the Lower Member Wood Canyon Formation in southeastern California.

In addition to these being the oldest examples of this well-known trace fossil, the discovery of these specimens also reveals the presence of deposit feeding considerably earlier than has been suggested for the advent of this feeding style. This type of activity may have had a significant impact on sediment mixing during the Precambrian–Cambrian transition, though the rarity and shallow tier position of these specimens suggests otherwise.

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Publication Summary

  • Geosyntec Authors: Aaron Sappenfield
  • All Authors: A. Sappenfield, M. Droser, M. Kennedy, R. McKenzie
  • Title: The Oldest Zoophycos and Implications for Early Cambrian Deposit Feeding
  • Event or Publication: Geological Magazine
  • Practice Areas: Environmental Management Assessment and Systems
  • Date: 2012