Effectiveness of cement kiln dust (CKD) in improving the stiffness of recycled base course materials was studied using both seismic modulus and bench-scale resilient modulus tests. Recycled materials included road surface gravel (RSG) and recycled pavement material (RPM).
The modulus of RPM and RSG specimens mixed with CKD increased 5?30 times compared with untreated materials; however, the improvement was not as high as cement stabilization. Modulus generally increased with curing time with more hydration; however, decrease in the modulus of the RPM mixed with 15% CKD during curing is attributed to swelling potential of the CKD. Lower rate of increase in modulus of CKD mixtures compared with cement mixtures with curing time was attributable to the chemical composition of CKD, i.e., high free lime and sulfate contents. Freeze-thaw durability tests resulted in modulus reduction on the order of 0.5 to 0.8 for CKD mixtures and 0.5 for cement mixtures. Attributable to the combined effects of stiffness gain with continuing hydration and stiffness reduction with freeze-thaw cycles, the final modulus of the recycled materials mixed with CKD is 2 to 5 times higher than that of untreated RPM and RSG materials. This study also showed that modulus change of stabilized granular materials can be estimated from seismic Young?s modulus. Read More: http://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/%28ASCE%29MT.1943-5533.0000472?journalCode=jmcee7
- Geosyntec Authors: Ali Ebrahimi
- All Authors: Ebrahimi, A., Edil, T.B., Son, H.
- Title: Effectiveness of Cement Kiln Dust in Stabilizing Recycled Roadway Materials
- Event or Publication: ASCE J. of Materials in Civil Engineering
- Practice Areas: Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
- Citation: ASCE J. of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 24, No. 8, pp. 1-8
- Date: 2012