Temperature Dependence of Anaerobic TCE-Dechlorination in a Highly Enriched Dehalococcoides-Containing Culture
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Friis, A.K., A.C. Heimann, R. Jakobsen, H.-J. Albrechtsen, E. Cox, P.L. Bjerg, "Temperature Dependence of Anaerobic TCE-Dechlorination in a Highly Enriched Dehalococcoides - Containing Culture, " Water Research,_ (2006)doi:10.1016/j.watres.2006.09.026

emperature dependence of reductive trichloroethene (TCE) dechlorination was investigated in an enrichment culture (KB-1), using lactate or propionate as electron donors at a temperature interval from 4 to 60 degrees C. Dechlorination was complete to ethene at temperatures between 10 and 30 degrees C (lactate-amended) and between 15 and 30 degrees C (propionate-amended). Dechlorination stalled at cis-1,2-dichloroethene (cDCE) at 4 degrees C (lactate-amended), at and below 10 degrees C (propionate-amended), and at 40 degrees C with both electron donors. No dechlorination of TCE was observed at 50 and 60 degrees C. Concentrations of Dehalococcoides had increased or remained constant after 15 days of incubation at temperatures involving complete dechlorination to ethene. Temperature dependence of dechlorination rates was compared using zero order degradation kinetics and a Monod growth-rate model for multiple electron acceptor usage with competition. Maximum growth rates (mu) and zero order degradation rates were highest for TCE dechlorination at 30 degrees C with lactate as substrate (mu(TCE) of 7.00+/-0.14 days(-1)). In general, maximum growth rates and dechlorination rates of TCE were up to an order of magnitude higher than rates for utilization of cis-dichloroethene (cDCE, mu(c)(DCE) up to 0.17+/-0.02 days(-1)) and vinyl chloride (VC, mu(VC) up to 0.52+/-0.09 days(-1)). Temperature dependence of maximum growth rates and degradation rates of cDCE and VC were similar and highest at 15-30 degrees C, with growth rates on cDCE being lower than on VC. This study demonstrates that bioaugmentation of chlorinated ethene sites may be more efficient at elevated temperatures.

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